The Tension of Pregnant Women Influence Babies’ Height

Lily is eight years old this year. She was only 42 centimeters tall when she was born. Since she was born, she has been shorter than her peers. Her mother took her to hospital and found that she was an infant born small for gestational age. Infant born small for gestational age refer to an infant whose weight or height can not reach the standards. For example, infants of 40 weeks should be as heavy as 2.5 kilograms. If one infant is light than this weight, he or she is called an infant born small for gestational age. It is reported as many as 6.39% infants belong to this group.

Experts point out that the height is closely related to the mood of mothers. The growth of babies is influenced by a variety of factors, including genes, environments and the diet of pregnant women. Statistics have shown that the nutrition absorption of mothers used to be a main cause. But with the improvement of life quality, nutrition is not a problem any longer. The emotion of mothers becomes an important factor. Clinical studies have indicated that mothers of infants born small for gestational age tend to be nervous than normal mothers.

Experts hold the view that infants born small for gestational age appear to be slow in growth. They tend to be shorter than peers. What their parents should do is to find abnormal symptoms as early as possible. Experts point out the height of children at the age of two would reveal the potential. If a baby can reach the standard when he or she is two years old, his or her growth is without problems. Otherwise, the baby should be taken to hospital as soon as possible. In other words, if male babies are shorter than 89.1 centimeters and female babies can not reach the height of 88.1 centimeters when they are two years old, they probably have growing problem. The growth of a person is influenced by nutrition, genes and many other factors. The best two periods of growth are the first three years of the life and the adolescence. All people, especially infants born small for gestational age, should grasp the two periods.

Parents are worrying about the height of babies. They help babies ingest calcium, ask their children to keep exercising and provide balanced diets for their children. But there are still many children shorter than the standard. Experts suggest that parents should keep an eye on the height of babies. Children who are comparatively shorter can eat food with more vitamin D and calcium. Both nutriments are able to strengthen the bones and accelerate the growth. Parents should keep in mind do not leave the problem to the time when it is impossible to solve.

Long Hours on the Job Increases Risk of Heart Disease By 67%

These days, every penny counts. For this reason, many people work long and stressful hours every single day. While these extra hours do boost the paycheck and make you feel more financially secure, recent medical news has shown that those hours may greatly increase your risk of developing heart disease.

Risk Factors and Research

When you go to a doctor for the first time, he has you fill out sheet that asks you all sorts of questions. The answers that you put down help the doctor evaluate you, so that he knows what types of medical problems you are at risk for. When he is looking to see if you are at risk for heart disease, he may want to know if you smoke, what your weight is, and whether you have diabetes or are closely related to someone who does. He will check your vitals to see if your blood pressure is stable and will also check your cholesterol level.

According to medical news, during this type of evaluation, many researchers also believe that doctors should ask how many hours you work each day. In some studies that have been performed in England, it was shown that if doctors had this type of information available to them, they were able to more easily predict which patient was going to suffer from heart disease. These ten year research studies were able to show that longer work hours increase the risk of heart disease, especially when accompanied by other risk factors.

The Hours

While it doesn’t seem like a lot of time, the research study showed that people could work up to ten hours every day without significantly increasing their risk of heart disease. Once the workers went over 11 hours of work, though, the risk of developing this type of disease in the future increased dramatically.

Framingham’s risk score

To further test the study and to make sure that all of the risks factors for each person were taken into consideration, Framingham’s risk score was used. With this type of evaluation, the people in the study are separated into three categories: low, moderate, and high risk. Each type of risk factor was taken into consideration, including weight, blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, and cholesterol levels. If the participant did not have many risk factors, he was put into the low category, but if he was a great risk, he was placed in the high category. Those in the moderate category were somewhat a risk for heart disease.

After a few years, some of the participants were moved to different categories. At times, those that were moved from the low category to the moderate category were moved simply because the number of hours that they had to work increased, making them more at risk for disease.

The reason for the increased risk

Doctors and researchers are not entirely sure the exact reason that an 11 hour day has such a big effect. According to some medical news, though, the negative effects of working such long hours may cause the increased risk of heart disease. When a person works for those many hours, he may not get enough sleep, may not exercise as much, may eat the wrong types of foods, and may become depressed. All of these factors can lead to an increased risk of heart disease and can possibly be caused by working longer hours.

Teens Show Symptoms Of Heart Disease

New research on child obesity has revealed shocking results about the risk of heart disease for future generations.

A research team headed by the University of Bristol conducted the study, which is the first of its kind, on more than 5,000 kids. They paid special attention to levels of insulin, glucose and cholesterol, as well as blood pressure levels.

What they found was startling – obese children as young as 15 already begin to display the symptoms of heart disease. Furthermore, children who are obese between the ages of 9 to 12 begin to display the risk factors for the disease, including elevated cholesterol levels and high blood pressure.

When the study began, the children who were the subject of it were aged between 9 and 12, and 18 per cent of them were medically considered overweight, with 5 per cent classed as obese. Research demonstrated that the kids, who were still fat when they reached the age of 15, were much more likely to have these key indicators of future heart disease.

Of those aged between 15 – 16, 29 per cent displayed high systolic blood pressure (the pressure exerted by the heart when it beats), and 3 per cent experienced elevated diastolic blood pressure (the pressure between beats). However, the children who had shed excess weight before they reached 15 through diets for children displayed less risk, especially the girls who were part of the study.

The researchers concluded that girls who go from being overweight to a healthy weight between childhood and their mid-teens as a result of diets for kids virtually eliminate any of the potential health hazards. However, boys who do this display an intermediate risk factor.

The results of the study are published as an expert claims that a mother’s diet while pregnant has a significant impact in countering the current epidemic of overweight children. This is more important than later diets for children.

At a conference on childhood obesity in Queen’s University, Belfast, Professor Peter Bundred asserted that good nutrition for a child starts in the first months of pregnancy, and lambasted the fact that many pregnant women gain too much weight and mothers choose not to breast feed their children.

He stated:

  • “They put on too much weight in pregnancy and have a big baby. Everybody says wonderful, a big bouncy baby that then goes on to formula feeds, which is the wrong nutrition.”
  • “It’s the most common nutrition but that doesn’t mean it’s right. Mammals are called mammals because they have mammary glands. They are there to feed the babies of mammals.
  • “The child then continues in the environment of too much food.”

Professor Bundred thinks that the key to tackling the escalating problem is a strategy which educates and supports mothers. He highlighted the fact that not much is done to enable mothers to breastfeed in the workplace, and called for more privacy and facilities to enable them to do so. Failing to do this means that many women give up breastfeeding.

The conference also touched upon the delicate subject of the intervention of social services in cases where the child’s wellbeing is at risk.

Conference organiser and lecturer in nursing Florence Mitchell told delegates that obesity should only be an issue of child protection in the most extreme of circumstances:

“It’s when parents won’t engage, won’t attend and no evidence of progress is seen, we then owe it to the morbidly obese child to protect it.”

Recurring Yeast Infections

You took the pills, used the cream or suppositories, maybe even tried to implement one of those rigorous anti-Candida diets, and the darned infections just keep coming back. Why are recurrent yeast infections so persistent, and how can you get rid of them for good?

First, know the enemy

If you’re suffering from recurrent yeast infections, Candida albicans (or C. albicans), the bacteria most commonly associated with yeast infections, is not the problem. C. albicans is present in almost all humans, but yeast infection symptoms only occur when the populations of the bacteria begin to grow in an uncontrolled fashion. This unnatural growth is called a bloom.

So why do C. albicans populations bloom? – That’s a key question, and the reason why most typical “kill-the-Candida” approaches do nothing to prevent a C. albicans bloom from recurring. The problem, therefore, is not the bacteria. The true enemy is an imbalance in you body’s internal environment.

The human body naturally contains a plethora of various bacteria and other organisms all living together in a dynamic state of tension. When the body is healthy, these organisms are kept in a state of balance. L. acidophilus, for example, is a beneficial bacteria that aids in digestion, supports the immune system, and naturally controls population levels of C. albicans.

If something happens to disrupt the chemistry of the body, for example if the body becomes too acidic, or if something happens that dramatically reduces populations of beneficial bacteria, such as the decimation of L. acidophilus populations by antibiotics, then C. albicans populations can begin to bloom and yeast infection symptoms will result.

Candida blooms can be lethal

Yeast infections need to be taken seriously. Moderate populations behave in a yeast-like fashion. Their impact tends to be local and easily controlled, but when the populations become too great, the bacteria begins to behave like a mold, sending root-like tendrils out into the surrounding tissue and organs. This is called a “systemic infection”, and left untreated can result in a death rate of over 75%.

Developing a battle plan

Knowing that the enemy is not the C. albicans bacteria itself, but rather the imbalance that allows it to bloom, yet knowing also that uncontrolled C. albicans growth can ultimately result in death, we need to develop a battle plan that quickly reduces populations of the bacteria, then re-establishes the body’s natural balance to prevent a recurrence of the bloom.

Unfortunately, many over-the-counter and prescription treatments for yeast infections tend to focus only on killing the C. albicans bacteria while actually aggravating the imbalance. We need a more natural and holistic approach.

Thyroid and Hair Loss Disease

Losing a little bit is to be expected, but losing a large amount of hair should be reported to a doctor. Although there are a few types of hair loss diseases, hair falling out is most commonly a symptom of thyroid disease.

Best Mexican pharmacy online

  • An example of a hair loss disease is tinea captits, which is also known as ringworm of the scalp. It is a fungal infection which attacks the scalp and hair follicles, causing hair to fall out.
  • Alopecia areata is another hair loss disease. The main symptom of this disease is a patch of complete baldness. The cause of the disease is unknown, but there is evidence that autoimmune disorders and family history may play a role. While these conditions are rarer, a diseased thyroid and hair loss is much more common.

Thyroid problems cause losing hair because of the hormonal imbalance that occurs when the thyroid does not function properly. There are two different forms of thyroid disease.

Hypothyroid occurs when there is too little thyroid hormone in the body, and hyperthyroid occurs when there is too much thyroid in the body. Both types of thyroid disease affect the metabolism in the body and also result in hair loss.

Hypothyroid causes the metabolism to be too slow, resulting in rapid weight gain, while hyperthyroid causes the metabolism to be too fast, resulting in rapid weight gain. Either way, the hair follicles shut down so that the body can focus on correcting the hormonal imbalance. The non-functioning hair follicles cause the hair loss. Other symptoms of hypothyroid are dry skin, fatigue, and memory loss. Other symptoms of hyperthyroid include nervousness, increased sweat production, and a wandering mind. Both hyperthyroid and hypothyroid disease affect women more often than men, and usually occur after hormonal changes such as pregnancy or menopause.

As previously stated, losing some hair every day is common. In fact, the average person loses up to 100 strands of hair every day. These hairs are usually found on brushes, in hair drains, or on clothes and furniture. This is a normal amount, and should not be cause for alarm. More than this, however, indicates a problem. It is a symptom of both thyroid and hair loss disease, and should this occur you should be seen by a doctor. A simple blood test can determine if you have a hypothyroid or hyperthyroid. If this is ruled out, then the doctor will test for a hair disease.

Both thyroid and hair loss disease are treatable.

− Thyroid disease is treated by replacement hormone therapy.

− Hair loss disease can be treated by addressing the cause through anti-fungal medication.

In both situations, although it takes time for the hair to grow back, there are ways to make sure the new hair is healthy and strong, and that the remaining hair is healthy. A diet rich in protein and healthy oil will improve the appearance of hair. Topical treatment such as oil and deep conditioning can also make a dramatic impact, as well as a hair cut.

Top Tips For A Healthy Heart

Heart disease is the greatest killer in the western world today, but in the majority of cases it can be avoided. Smoking, alcohol consumption, eating too much saturated fat, obesity and lack of exercise (among others) can all have a detrimental effect on our hearts. Let me show you how to take care of yourself and keep your heart in tip-top condition.

Top Tips For A Healthy Heart

Keeping your heart strong and healthy is in your hands, here are a few suggestions to help you look after your heart:

1. Every Second Counts

As you get older, your heart muscles and vessels go through changes which can harden arteries and you are more at risk of developing other conditions. Things change more rapidly as your body ages, don’t put off that sensible diet or new exercise regime another day. Eventually the damage you have done may not be repairable, so every second counts.

2. Keep Control Of Your Calorie Intake

Your diet can have such an impact on your heart, and obesity increases your chances of type 2 diabetes and heart conditions. Cut out all those empty calories (that have no nutritional value) that come from beer and soda. Practice portion control and never eat until you are stuffed again.

3. Eat Your Heart Healthy

Eat lots of fresh fruit and vegetables, as well as whole grain bread, cereal and pasta. Grill and steam meat, fish and vegetables to keep the goodness in. When it comes to a healthy diet, fresh is always best

4. Listen To Your Body

You need to recognise the warning signs, if your heart is developing problems. If you are suffering chest pains or heart palpitations, shortness of breath or reduced stamina, then get yourself checked out. It is also a good idea to have a cholesterol test, particularly if high cholesterol runs in the family.

5. Avoid A Full Fat Lifestyle

Lots of fatty food in your diet is bad news for your heart, all that saturated fat will soon start blocking your arteries. Start substituting your full-fat foods such as milk, cheese and butter for healthier low-fat alternatives. You should also cut out junk and processed foods in favour of fresh healthy alternatives.

6. Kick Out The Cigs

Smoking is one of the major causes of heart disease and blocks vital arteries to the heart. Quitting smoking is one of the best things you can do for your heart and overall health.

7. Get Active

The heart is just like any other muscle, it needs a good workout on a regular basis. Aerobic exercise that gets the heart beating faster for at least 20 minutes at a time is ideal, such as swimming, running and cycling.

8. Reduce Your Salt Intake

Too much salt is bad for your heart, but I do not think the majority of us realise just how much is contained in food. Avoid at all costs putting extra salt on your food or adding it during cooking, try using herbs and spices to add flavour. Start reading labels and look for foods that are low in salt,

Follow my top tips for a healthy heart, and make looking after your heart a priority in your life.

COPD Life Expectancy

COPD is the abbreviation used for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. It is also known in different names. For example, chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD), chronic airflow limitation (CAL) and chronic obstructive respiratory disease (CORD). It is a progressive disease which means it gets worse over time. It causes lungs problems and almost destructs them completely. This is one of the major causes of death in almost all the global nations. In USA, it is the fourth highest death cause disease. It is deadly and almost over than 82,000 people die every year due to this. Generally, the COPD life expectancy is very less and also it causes a large number of severe health problems in people. But, on the other hand, if it is detected early due to their early symptoms and also get it treated in its early stages, then the life expectancy can be greatly increased. If not, the sufferer’s life will be greatly limited.

The most common symptom of COPD is breathing difficulty.

It can be a huge disability that gets worse as this disease progresses. There are many techniques and exercises that help to decrease. Two of the most well known techniques are pursed lip breathing and diaphragmatic breathing. If you ever feel short of breath and you feel like you are suffocating, it helps to remember these quick and easy breathing tips. Sit and relax in a quiet and comfortable place, breathe in and out through your mouth going as fast as you need to, lower your head and shoulders and begin to slow down your exhalations. Repeat this a few times and you will feel a great deal of comfort as these exercises have been proven to help with breathlessness.

Smoking is one of the most biggest causes of COPD.

Each year, three million people are dying as the result of smoking related diseases. Exposure to lung irritants such as dust, smoke, air pollution and other chemicals can also be causes for COPD. Quitting smoking can help but as there is no current cure to COPD, getting rid of cigarettes doesn’t help much. It only reduces the risk factor by a little but of course, every little action counts towards the defeat of this chronic disease.

The Pathophysiology of COPD is not very easy to understand.

Pathophysiology of COPD shows the structural changes in the airways, dysfunction of Cilia and inflammatory responses. It is these three things that lead to the blockage of airways. The inflammatory response of COPD is usually caused by too much smoking. It can also be caused by the inhalation of lung irritants such as pollens, air pollutants, smoke, dust and other chemicals.

Inhalers can be used to treat chronic diseases such as the first symptom of COPD- the chronic cough. The work that the inhalers do is that they push the medicine or drugs directly into the airways when you breathe in. Some people may get some benefits from using these inhalers but some might not. Some people use inhalers regularly and that might help to reduce shortness of breath and some just use it when they are experiencing troubles of wheezing and breathlessness.

The Importance Of Smart Snacking

For Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics, the importance of healthy snacking is something that cannot be emphasized enough. Since maintaining a constant and appropriate blood sugar level is a key component in maintaining their condition, eating healthy snacks is one of the most efficient ways to accomplish this.

But there is also a fine line between snacking and abusing it. Too often, diabetics use it as a way to justify squeezing in additional meals. Snacking begins to mean more and more food until it resembles a whole other meal in itself. That’s why its important to stay within the recommended guidelines, so that something meant to assist doesn’t end up sabotaging you instead.

An appropriate amount of food to consume is approximately 100 to 200 calories (420 to 840 kilojoules), of smart food choices. You can make smarter snack choices by choosing foods that are higher in fiber and various important nutrients, contain carbohydrates with a low-GI, and that are balanced with some protein and heart helpful fats. This is a good balance that gives you something for fuel, without counteracting the intent of the food.

You never want to go with a sugary food, as this will create the exact opposite effect that you are looking for. In this instance you will create two new problems. First, you will have spiked your blood sugar, which will inevitably crash soon sending you into a hypoglycemic episode. Second, you have overloaded your sugar, which will result in possible weight gain.

Having access to the right snack won’t work if you don’t exercise a little restriction with the portion size. A food with adequate amounts of carbs, protein and fat are okay until you consume enough to qualify for a meal. Now, instead of eating three meals a day and two snacks, you have crossed over into five meals a day. Weight gain will surely ensue, causing a new avalanche of health issues.

In order to limit snacking to just that, a snack, it is best to never eat your snack out of an original container. For example, if you want a few nuts, don’t get in the habit of eating them right out of the jar. Your judgment becomes overwhelmed by the food and soon your perception of how much you have consumed becomes skewed.

A better plan of action is to plan out your snacks ahead of time. Pick a day and portion out snacks into individual snack bags. Now, you are guaranteed to always have your snacks readily available and there is no danger of eating too much since they are pre-measured. Taking out the guesswork eliminates several problems that a Type 2 diabetic doesn’t need to contend with.

Generic viagra canada by

The Real Secret to Controlling Heart Disease and the Cholesterol Hype

Cholesterol constantly gets bad press, but the truth is cholesterol performs necessary functions in our body as well as creating some cardiovascular risks. The trick is to keep a good balance.

One of the little known facts about cholesterol is that it protects us from the effects of toxicity. As we know, our environment is far more toxic than it used to be, and as toxicity is passed on from mother to child via the placenta, we are starting life full of toxins. Each day we eat, breath and absorb more toxins. So the binding of cholesterol to toxins in order to protect the body, is vitally important to our health. So while diet can increase cholesterol levels, so to can a heavy load of toxins such as heavy metals (mercury, lead etc), petrochemicals, drugs or pesticides. In particular heavy metals such as mercury increase total cholesterol and LDL Solvents (such as alcohol) raise LDL and triglycerides.

Mexican online pharmacy no prescription

A cholesterol level that is too low is a risk marker of cancer, intestinal problems, stroke and depression. So balance really is the key.

Dyslipidaemia or abnormal blood lipids (fat), such as cholesterol or triglycerides increases your risk of atheroschlerosis, heart disease, stroke, hypertension and other cardiovascular disorders. A total cholesterol reading by itself is not particularly useful.

There are 2 main types of cholesterol that you need to be aware of.

  1. HDL cholesterol refers to high density lipoprotein. This is the good cholesterol, so remember that we want HDL to be high. HDL carries cholesterol away from the heart and back to the liver where it is excreted as bile. It also helps remove excess cholesterol from inside the blood vessels.
  2. Low density lipoprotein or LDL is supposedly the bad stuff which we need to keep low.LDL transports cholesterol & triglycerides towards the cells and tissues which readily take them up. LDL cholesterol can adhere to the walls of the blood vessels that feed the heart and brain. Increased LDL cholesterol supposedly therefore leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

So why I am saying that LDL cholesterol is supposedly bad? New research tells us that it is only when LDL cholesterol becomes oxidized that it causes problems for the heart. A raised LDL cholesterol on its own has not been found to cause any problems. Oxidation is like a rusting effect. It occurs as a result of inadequate antioxidants such as Vitamin C, E and selenium. If you diet is high in nutrient poor foods such as breads, cakes, biscuits, pasta or processed foods, you are at increased risk of insufficient antioxidants and therefore heart disease.

So before you go into a spin about the effects of cholesterol on heart disease, remember that inflammation and lack of antioxidants is likely to be a greater risk factor of cardiovascular disease than raised cholesterol. Cholesterol repairs membranes that are damaged by inflammation. By reducing inflammation you can therefore reduce the stimulus for the synthesis of cholesterol by the liver. Any treatment that is designed to protect you from heart disease must decrease inflammation. Fish oil can effectively reduce inflammation & triglycerides and slowly bring cholesterol to a satisfactory level.

If you are still concerned about reducing cholesterol here are a few tips:

  • Eat a high fibre diet as fibre prevents cholesterol absorption and promotes elimination
  • Have at least one serving of green leafy vegetables – this will assist with adequate fibre intake.
  • Eat other foods that are rich in antioxidants such as berries to prevent oxidation of your LDL cholesterol.
  • Despite the hype around saturated fats, grains can contribute to dyslipidemia as they contain palmatic and stearic acid.
  • Keep processed foods to a minimum.of
  • Eat 30 percent protein (eggs, milk, dairy, fish, and soy), and 40 percent carbohydrates and 30 percent good fats from foods such as avocado, nuts, sesame, coconut or olive oil.

The secret as with all good health is to ensure you have a balanced diet with plenty of whole, fresh foods.

9 Reasons Why You May Have High Bad Cholesterol

What causes high bad cholesterol? Bad cholesterol is also referred to as LDL. LDL particles are less dense and less buoyant, which means they are more likely to get trapped in the bloodstream and cause clogging of the arteries. Here you will learn what causes high LDL levels and how to correct the problem.

1. Genetics

Some genetic mutations have been identified as being associated with high LDL levels, but these mutations are rare. The condition familial hypercholesterolemia, for example, is accompanied by very high LDL levels, very low HDL (good) cholesterol and very high total triglycerides. Triglycerides are fats in the bloodstream. High triglycerides are usually associated with high total cholesterol and high LDL.

2. Low HDL Levels

Not only are low HDL levels an accompanying problem associated with high bad cholesterol, they are also a cause of the problem. HDL particles are larger and more buoyant. They can attract the smaller LDL particles, pick them up and carry them back to the liver for reprocessing or disposal. Basically, HDL particles are bloodstream scavengers.

3. Diet

Diet can contribute to high triglycerides, high total cholesterol and the imbalance in HDL and LDL particles described above. But the cholesterol in your diet accounts for only about 20% of the cholesterol circulating in your bloodstream. Most of the particles are produced by your liver and other bodily organs.

4. Lack of Exercise

Although the association between physical inactivity and high bad cholesterol is not fully understood, it is known that regular physical activity decreases triglyceride levels and associated problems. The most likely reason is that the muscles use more fatty acids for nourishment. Triglycerides are composed of fatty acids. Another factor is that muscles use fatty acids for nourishment when they are at rest. So, the benefits of exercise are long-lasting.

5. Smoking

Smoking contributes to high bad cholesterol. Nicotine and other chemicals alter the entire cardiovascular process. Cigarette smoking has a negative effect on the liver, where most cholesterol is produced. Your body produced more cholesterol in response to cigarette smoking as a perceived defense mechanism, but the mechanism provides no defense against the effects of cigarette smoke.

6. Excessive Alcohol Consumption

Cholesterol is a fatty waxy alcohol. Excessive alcohol consumption leads to excessive cholesterol production.

7. Inefficient Excretion of Cholesterol

Normally, bile acids carry cholesterol out of the bloodstream and out of the body. In some cases, the excretion process is inefficient. This leads to increased accumulation of total cholesterol in the body.

Viagra online Australia

8. Excess Absorption and Re-absorption of Cholesterol

Your body sometimes absorbs more cholesterol than normal from the foods that you eat. Often, this is due to a lack of other nutrients in the diet. Re-absorption of cholesterol accounts for a great deal of circulating LDL particles. Instead of being excreted via bile acids, the particles are re-absorbed through the intestinal walls.

9. The Role of Oxidation

LDL particles are bad because they become trapped on the walls of the cardiovascular system and become hardened through the process of oxidation. So, while balancing and controlling cholesterol is important, it is also important to reduce oxidation of the particles, which is caused primarily by free radicals. In my next article, you will learn how to reduce bad cholesterol and reduce oxidation, naturally.